Concentration is the ability to stay focused on your work without letting people, feelings, thoughts or activities get in the way. There are three steps to developing your concentration abilities:
• Establishing concentration
• increasing concentration
• Developing the concentration habit read below for tips on how to develop each of these abilities.

Establishing Concentration

Be aware of external distractions and separate yourself from them. For example, give yourself permission to let your voice mail pick up calls and not to check your email while you’re working on a task. Or, ask your family for an hour of uninterrupted quiet time.

Try to recognize internal distractions and take care of them. Internal distractions such as thoughts, emotions, physical feelings, hunger and tiredness can interrupt your ability to focus. Do something about the things that are bothering you before you start the task at hand. For instance, if you know that you are hungry, eat before you start a task.

Stop distracting thoughts that pop into your mind as soon as you are aware of them. You can do this by “noticing” the thought, and then consciously bringing your attention back to the task at hand.

Keep a reminder pad handy. If something that you need to do pops into your head, jot it down to get it off your mind. Schedule a time later in the day to address it.

Increasing Concentration

Set aside time to concentrate. How interested are you in what you are doing? If the answer is “not much,” then try to come up with reasons for developing an interest. Will the project give you a chance to learn a new skill? Or might finishing it give you a sense of accomplishment?

Use a pencil or highlighter. Taking notes or highlighting key points are ways to keep yourself actively involved in a task such as reading.

Divide tasks into smaller, more manageable parts. You will feel a sense of accomplishment more often, which can help you stay motivated and on task longer.

Plan breaks according to your concentration span. You are not a machine. Taking a walk or a lunch break will help clear your head.

If you find yourself losing focus, stand up. The physical act of standing up brings your attention to the fact that you’re losing focus. It lets you stop the process and bring your thinking back to the task at hand.

Vary your activities. Change is often as good as taking a break.

Developing Your Concentration Habit

Like any other skill, concentration must be learned, practiced and developed. Here are some suggestions to help you get in a regular pattern of concentrating.

Determine how long your concentration span is. Find out by recording your start time for a task like reading, and as soon as your mind begins to drift, record this time. Try
this several times until you can gauge your average concentration span.

Learn when your concentration level is at its best. Find a consistent time during the day when you know that you won’t be interrupted and that your energy level meets the demands of the particular task. Then, try to use that time slot each day to work on that task.

Find whether there are conditions that best allow you to concentrate. Allow yourself to be removed from distractions for set periods of time to try and accomplish work. Figure out what works for you, whether it’s a cleared off desk, good lighting, or quiet music playing in the background. Make the atmosphere as inviting as possible for you to be less distracted and concentrate better.

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This fact sheet was made possible by an educational grant from Genentech BioOncology

Last updated January 3, 2013

The information presented in this publication is provided for your general information only. It is not intended as medical advice and should not be relied upon as a substitute for consultations with qualified health professionals who are aware of your specific situation. We encourage you to take information and questions back to your individual health care provider as a way of creating a dialogue and partnership about your cancer and your treatment.