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For Breast Cancer
For Colorectal Cancer
For Prostate Cancer
For Skin Cancer
Every month, featured experts answer your questions about coping with cancer.
For Breast Cancer
Q. I fear I have breast cancer...I have no insurance and lost my job. My symptoms have become too huge to ignore. What can I do?
I am sorry to hear about all that you are dealing with—this must be a stressful time full of uncertainty. It is certainly important to be aware of changes in your breasts and to seek medical attention when you notice unusual symptoms that persist for a period of time. But keep in mind, too, that 80% of breast lumps are not cancerous. For instance, breast cysts, fibroadenomas, and infections are all considered to be benign, or not related to cancer.
That said, you should contact the National Breast and Cervical Cancer Early Detection Program (NBCCEDP), to locate a free screening program. Medicaid coverage is available through the program to women who have been screened and diagnosed with cancer. For more information go to the NBCCEDP website or call 1-888-842-6355.
The thought of having cancer can be upsetting and overwhelming. Are there people in your life to whom you can turn for emotional support? You may find it comforting to bring a trusted loved one along to appointments. Not only will you have a hand to hold, but you’ll have an extra set of eyes and ears to help you take in information. I also welcome you to call CancerCare and speak with one of our professional oncology social workers at 1-800-813-HOPE (4673). Oncology social workers have professional training to counsel people coping with cancer and help them access practical assistance. They are available to help you manage emotions such as anxiety and sadness, find reliable information, and locate resources in your community. Read more about CancerCare’s free, nationally-available services.
- Asymmetry: One half of the mole or pigmented spot is different than the other half
- Borders: The mole or spot has irregular or poorly defined borders
- Colors: Color is varied from one area to another. Includes shades of tan, brown, black (also can include white, red or blue)
- Diameter: Spot is usually greater than 6mm (size of pencil eraser)
- Evolving: A mole or spot that looks different from others or changes in size, shape, or color.
Q. My husband has black moles on his face - could this be melanoma? How serious are they if they change?
Moles are pigmented (colored) cells that can look like small, dark spots on your skin. They can range in color, but the majority are dark brown. Moles can become cancerous, but this is rare. To help recognize the signs of melanoma, the American Academy of Dermatology created the ABCDEs of melanoma detection:
Your husband should have the moles on his face (and any others) checked out by a doctor. You can search for a dermatologist through the American Academy of Dermatology’s Find a Dermatologist database. The National Cancer Institute offers information about preventing skin cancer and melanoma. Additionally, the Melanoma Research Foundation provides a wealth of information about the prevention and treatment of melanoma.
For Pancreatic Cancer
Q. My husband, his mother, and her brother died of pancreatic cancer. My daughter has had breast cancer. I also have two sons, one with Crohn's disease and one with type 2 diabetes. What protocol should we be following?
Pancreatic cancer is often difficult to diagnose. That’s because of where it is located in the body (right in the middle of the body) and the way it often presents (generalized pain either in the belly or the back, right or left side). There is no distinct cause for pancreatic cause but there are findings that certain risk factors increase the likelihood of the disease.
According to the Pancreatic Cancer Action Network (PanCan) strong family history is one of the risk factors for pancreatic cancer as well as a family history of breast cancer and diabetes. Make sure you are detailed and clear with your health care providers when giving your family health history and ask about getting a blood test called CA19-9 as a baseline. When the test is trending upwards, it might mean that there is some pancreatic cancer activity in the body. You might also consider pursuing genetic testing.
Again, it is important for you and your family members to discuss your specific family history (including all illnesses) with your health care providers so that you will know what protocol is best to follow.
Learn more about The Genetics of Pancreatic Cancer from Cancer.Net.